Introduction Das Mahavidya
The ten great learning’s are related with Goddess Durga, These all are the synonymous of the same Goddess Shakti (power). She is also known as Goddess Nav Durga, Goddess Chamunda, Vishnupriya etc and is worshipped. The origin of this ten great knowledge is as follows.
Daksha Prajapati, the father of Goddess Sati, once performed a religious sacrifice (Yagya) in which he invited all the deities and sages, except his own Son-in-law God Shiv, because of his jealousy towards him.
Goddess Sati wanted to be present at that occasion but God Shiv refused to give permission, thinking it was improper for her to go without the invitation. But she was unmoved: She said "I will certainly get to the Yagya performed by Daksha Prajapati, I would either get the fortune of that religious sacrifice for my dearest, deity of the deities, and husband or else I would destroy that religious sacrifice itself."
Goddess Sati's eyes became red. She looked at God Shiv violently, her lips began to flutter, and her complexion became dark. The fire of her anger made her appearance look frightened and violent.
Such an appearance of Goddess Sati was frightening even for God Shiv. Her appearance, which had the blaze and radiance of crores of mid-noon-suns, made her so fearful that he just ran away.
To stop God Shiv from running away in all the possible ten directions, Goddess Sati manifested herself in to ten different forms. These ten Shaktis (powers) of Goddess Sati are known as the ten great knowledge's.
They are:- (1) GODDESS KALI (2) GODDESS TARA (3) GODDESS SHODASHI (4) GODDESS BHUVANESHWARI (5) GODDESS TRIPURSUNDARI (6) GODDESS CHHINNMASTA (7) GODDESS DHOOMAVATI (8) GODDESS BAGALAMUKHI (9) GODDESS MATANGI (10) GODDESS KAMALA
Among all the ten great learning’s, Goddess KALI is the main. All the other nine are nothing but the violent and somber appearances of Goddess KALI. These ten appearances of MahaGoddess KALI are called the ten great learning’s. These are considered as the powers of God Shiv, the Lord of all the knowledge’s. Though these ten great learning’s are worshipped in many other forms and appearance, but these ten forms mentioned above are the main.
The method of worship of all these ten forms is different. GODDESS KALI, GODDESS TARA, GODDESS CHHINNAMASTA, GODDESS BAGALAMUKHI AND GODDESS DHOOMAVATI are apparently violent but in reality they are most merciful, where as GODDESS BHUVANESHWARI, GODDESS SHODASHI, GODDESS TRIPUR, GODDESS BHAIRAVI, GODDESS MATANGI and GODDESS KAMALA are the serious appearances. These ten great learning’s or Dasmahavidyas are the most valuable wealth of the Sadhakas (accomplishers), which give infinite accomplishments and also are capable of introducing the infinity to them.
The last chapter of Todala Tantra equates Vishnu's ten incarnations with the ten Mahavidyas as follows:
"Goddess Devi said: Lord of Gods, Sadguru of the universe, tells me of the ten avatars. Now I want to hear of this, tell me of their true nature. Paramesvara, reveal to me which avatar goes with which Devi.
"Lord Shiva said: Goddess Tara Devi is the blue form, Goddess Bagala is the tortoise incarnation, Goddess Dhumavati is the boar, Goddess Chinnamasta is Nrisimha, Goddess Bhuvaneshvari is Vamana, Goddess Matangi is the Rama form, Goddess Tripura is Jamadagni, Goddess Bhairavi is Balabhadra, Goddess Mahalakshmi is Buddha, and Goddess Durga is the Kalki form. Bhagavati Goddess KALI is the
Krishna murti." (Todalatantra, chapter 10)
The worship of these Deities are also prescribed as an astrological remedy - for the 9 planets and the Lagna as follows:
Goddess KALI for Saturn, Goddess Tara for Jupiter, Goddess Maha Tripura Sundari (or Goddess Shodasi-Sri Vidya) for Mercury, Goddess Bhuvaneshvari for Moon, Goddess Chinnamasta for Rahu, Goddess Bhairavi for Lagna, Goddess Dhumavati for Ketu, Goddess Baglamukhi for Mars, Goddess Matangi for Sun, and Goddess Kamala for Venus
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